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Sunday, 20 October 2019

The Culture of Critique: Some Notes and Quotes




The following is an interpretation of the third volume of Kevin MacDonald’s Culture of Critique trilogy, which comprises three volumes:
  • A People That Shall Dwell Alone: Judaism as a Group Evolutionary Strategy, with Diaspora Peoples
  • Separation and Its Discontents: Towards an Evolutionary Theory of Anti-Semitism
  • The Culture of Critique: An Evolutionary Analysis of Jewish Involvement in Twentieth-Century Intellectual and Political Movements

A reason for focusing on the third volume is that “it challenges many fundamental assumptions about our contemporary intellectual and political existence,” as is said on the first page of the “Preface to the First Paperback Edition,” and it is our contemporary existence that is most people’s immediate concern, even if the roots of the present must be found thousands of years ago.

All quotations are MacDonald’s own words, except where indicated otherwise. Anything not in quotation marks is my own notes based on my reading of the text. Any errors of fact or interpretation, of course, are solely my own.

I am leaving the “Preface to the First Paperback Edition” until the end, since chronologically and otherwise it is basically an expansion of what is said in the main text.

Chapter 1: Jews and the Radical Critique of Gentile Culture: Introduction and Theory

p. 8: Jews are always negative about gentile cultures.

p. 13: The goal of socialism was not social leveling, but the destruction of the gentile power structure.

Chapter 2: The Boasian School of Anthropology and the Decline of Darwinism in the Social Sciences

pp. 20-23: The great assault on the Darwinian evolutionary approach to human societies means that now all cultures are regarded as equal. The concept of race is now said to be meaningless. We are no longer allowed to speak of three stages: savagery, barbarism, and civilization.

p. 25: Franz Boas dominated US anthropology for 40 years. He had many influential students, all of whom were Jews except Alfred Kroeber, Ruth Benedict, and Margaret Mead.

pp. 29-30: Boas and others claimed Americans were too sexually repressed and should study romantic primitivism, as shown in Mead’s Coming of Age in Samoa. H. Turner-High, J. Keegan, and L. H. Keeley, on the other hand, claimed that earlier times were not quite so idyllic, and that warfare was very common in primitive societies.

Beyond Boas: Recent Examples of Jewish Political Agendas Influencing Social Science Research

pp. 30-38: Stephen Jay Gould (Jewish) is a famous “propagandist and ethnic activist” who insists that human intelligence is environmental, not genetic.

Chapter 3: Jews and the Left

p. 50: Judaism and Marxism are quite incompatible, mainly because Marxism is a universalist ideology, although many people have claimed loyalty to both.

Communism and Jewish Identification in Poland

p. 66: “When the anti-Zionist-anti-Semitic movement in the Soviet Union filtered down to Poland . . . there was another crisis of identity resulting from the belief that anti-Semitism and communism were incompatible.”

p. 67: “There was massive self-deception and rationalization” by Jewish Poles who supported communism.

Radicalism and Jewish Identification in the United States and England

pp. 74-76: Jewish-Communist espionage in the US included giving atomic-bomb secrets to the USSR.

p. 76: Wealthy young Jews were the founders of the student protest movement.

Social Identity Processes, Perceived Jewish Group Interests, and Jewish Radicalism

p. 80: Jews rarely have been “a light to the nations” – they mainly confine their concern “within Jewish groups.”

p. 94: The Socialist Party and the CPUSA have gentiles displayed as their leaders – i.e. as window dressing.

Chapter 4: Jewish Involvement in the Psychoanalytic Movement

p. 106: “A great deal of hostility to psychoanalysis centered around the perceived threat of psychoanalysis to Christian sexual ethics.”

pp. 109-18: In his private writing, Freud was very anti-gentile.

p. 113: Adler and Jung were expelled as heretical.

pp. 117-18: In Civilization and Its Discontents, Freud said that the repression of sex (particularly in Christianity) is the source of civilization, but that the price to be paid is neurosis and unhappiness. He claimed that psychoanalysis could cure that sickness, and he advocated greater sexual freedom. Psychoanalysis is pseudoscience.

The Scientific Status of Psychoanalysis

p. 121: Freud’s claims (theories) were always stated in ways that are scientifically untestable.

p. 123: He always equated (or confused) sexual desire with love.

p. 124: Responsibility (the id) is seen as pathological, repressive, something that prevents self-realization.

Psychoanalysis as a Political Movement

p. 127: Freud’s disciples regard all of his words as absolute truth – nothing is ever questioned.

p. 132: Psychoanalysis resembles brainwashing.

Psychoanalysis as a Tool in the Radical Criticism of Western Culture: The Wider Cultural Influence of Freud’s Theory

p. 134: Roman and Christian monogamy meant an egalitarian system, instead of a few men having all the women, and others having none. In polygamy the women are “reduced to chattel and are typically purchased as concubines by wealthy males.”

p. 136: Monogamy in turn led to high-investment parenting, and to pair-bonding (compassionate marriage).

Psychoanalysis and the Criticism of Western Culture

p. 141: “. . . Radical individualism among gentiles is an excellent prescription for the continuation of Judaism as a cohesive group.”

p. 145: “Anti-Semitism is viewed as a form of gentile psychopathology.”

p. 150: “Since 1970 the rate of single-parenting has increased from one in ten families to one in three families. . . . All the negative trends related to the family show very large increases that developed in the mid-sixties. . . .”

Chapter 5: The Frankfurt School of Social Research and the Pathologization of Gentile Group Allegiances

The Political Agenda of the Frankfurt School of Social Research

p. 154: “A consistent theme of Horkheimer and Adorno’s Critical Theory was the transformation of society according to moral principles. . . . From the beginning, there was a rejection of value-free social science research (‘the fetishism of facts’). . . .”

p. 156: Horkheimer and Adorno saw “both fascism and capitalism [as involving] domination and authoritarianism.”

p. 157: For Horkheimer and Adorno, everything was based on an “a priori theory of anti-Semitism.”

p. 163: “. . . The true enemy of the Jews is gentile collectivities of any kind, and especially nationalism. . . . No mention is made of the collectivist nature of Judaism.”

p. 165: “People in individualist cultures . . . show little emotional attachment to ingroups. Personal goals are paramount, and socialization emphasizes the importance of of self-reliance, independence, individual responsibility, and ‘finding yourself’ . . . Individualists have more positive attitudes toward strangers and outgroup members. . . .”

p. 167: “Highly questionable [is] the basic idea that anti-Semitism is the result of disturbed parent-child relationships. . . .”

Review of The Authoritarian Personality

p. 170: “Being high on the Anti-Semitism Scale may . . . simply mean that one has more information rather than a sign of a disturbed childhood.”

p. 176: “. . . Authoritative parents are more successful in transmitting cultural values to their children. . . .” High scores in parental discipline are regarded in Adorno et al., The Authoritarian Personality, as “the result of extreme authoritarianism resulting in repressions and denials of parental faults.”

p. 180: “Frenkel-Brunswick [in The Authoritarian Personality] . . . attempts to pathologize gentile concerns with social class and upward mobility.”

Discussion

p. 194: “Although it is difficult to assess the effect of works like The Authoritarian Personality on gentile culture, there can be little question that the thrust of the radical critique . . . was to pathologize high-investment parenting and upward mobility, as well as pride in family, religion, and country among gentiles.”

The Influence of the Frankfurt School

p. 207: “Each movement promised . . . a classless society in which there would be no conflicts of interest and people would work altruistically for the good of the group. . . .”

Chapter 6: The Jewish Criticism of Gentile Culture: A Reprise

p. 210: “Citation by other scientists is an important indication of scholarly accomplishment and is often a key measure used in tenure decisions. . . . Jews have been greatly overrated as editors, publishers, and contributors to a variety of radical and liberal periodicals. . . .”

p. 211: “. . . In the literary world, the highly influential left-wing journal Partisan Review (PR) was a principle showcase of ‘the New York Intellectuals.’ . . . PR originated as an offshoot of the Communist Party. . . .”

p. 220: “Aspiring intellectuals, whether Jewish or gentile, are subjected to a high level of indoctrination at the undergraduate and graduate levels. . . .”

Chapter 7: Jewish Involvement in Shaping U.S. Immigration Policy

pp. 241-42: Jews support liberal immigration because it means a pluralistic society, not a homogeneous one. Hence there is little chance of a unified opposition to Judaism.

p. 242: “Ethnic and religious pluralism . . . serves Jewish interests because Jews become just one of many ethnic groups. . . . Jewish activism on immigration is merely one strand of a multipronged movement directed at preventing the development of a mass movement of anti-Semitism in Western societies.”

p. 249: “In The Passing of the Great Race (1921) [Madison] Grant argued that the American colonial stock was derived from superior Nordic racial elements and that immigration of other races would lower the competence level of the society as a whole as well as threaten democratic and republican institutions.”

p. 251: “. . . It is probable that the decline in evolutionary and biological theories of race and ethnicity facilitated the sea change in immigration policy brought about by the 1965 [Immigration and Nationality Act].”

pp. 254-55: “Jews played a very prominent role in organizing blacks beginning with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. . . . Jews organized African Americans for their own interests rather than in the best interests of African Americans.”

Jewish Anti-Restrictionist Political Activity

p. 259: “Making the United States into a multicultural society has been a major Jewish goal beginning in the nineteenth century.”

pp. 281-82: “Restrictionists [regarding US immigration in the 1920s and 1930s] often pointed to evidence that over 90 percent of American Communists had backgrounds linking them to Eastern Europe.”

p. 288: “Richard Avens noted, ‘One of the curious things about those who most loudly claim that the [restrictionist McCarran-Walter] act is “discriminatory” . . . is that they oppose admission of the approximately one million Arab refugees in camps where they are living in pitiful circumstances after having been driven out of . . . Israel.’”

p. 293: “Particularly important is the provision in the Immigration Act of 1965 that expanded the number of immigrants. . . . Jewish spokespersons had been in the forefront in attempts to admit family members on a nonquota basis.”

p. 294: “The family-based emphasis of the quota regulations . . . has resulted in a multiplier effect that ultimately subverted the quota system entirely by allowing for a “chaining” phenomenon in which endless chains of the close relations of close relations are admitted outside of the quota system . . . .”

p. 296: “. . . The Census Bureau projects that by the year 2050, European-derived peoples will no longer be a majority of the population of the United States. . . .”

Appendix: Jewish Pro-Immigration Efforts in Other Western Countries

p. 301: “It is remarkable that the sea change in immigration policy in the Western world occurred at approximately the same time (1962-1973), and in all countries the changes reflected the attitudes of the elites rather than the great mass of citizens. . . . In neither Australia nor Canada was there ever any popular sentiment to end the older European bias of immigration policy. . . .”

p. 302: “Only after the 1978 [Canadian] law was in effect did the government embark on a public information campaign to inform Canadians of their new immigration policy. . . .”

Chapter 8: Whither Judaism and the West?

p. 306: “In recent years there has been an increasing rejection among intellectuals and minority ethnic activists of the idea of creating a melting pot society based on assimilation among ethnic groups. . . .”

p. 308: “. . . The ideal situation of absolute equality in resource control and reproductive success would require a great deal of monitoring and undoubtedly be characterized by a great deal of mutual suspicion.”

Dr. Kevin MacDonald

p. 312: “I believe that in the United States we are presently heading down a volatile path – a path that leads to ethnic warfare and the development of collectivist, authoritarian, and racist enclaves. . . The effort to overcome these inclinations thus necessitates applying to Western societies a massive ‘therapeutic’ intervention in which manifestations of majoritarian ethnocentrism are combated . . . by promoting the ideology that such manifestations are an indicator of psychopathology and a cause for shame, psychiatric intervention, and counseling.”

p. 316: “. . . [Charles] Murray [of R. J. Herrnstein and C. Murray, The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life] wants the Midwest where he grew up – a world in which the local mechanic didn’t care two cents whether he was or wasn’t brighter than the local math teacher. . . .”

“There has been a powerful Western tendency to develop such societies, beginning at least in the Middle Ages. . . . A very central feature has been the imposition of monogamy as a form of reproductive leveling that dampens the association between wealth and reproductive success.”

p. 318: “From the standpoint of . . . leftist critics, the Western ideal of hierarchic harmony and assimilation is perceived as an irrational, romantic, and mystical ideal. . . . It is interesting in this regard that a basic strand of sociological theory beginning with Marx has been to emphasize conflict between social classes rather than social harmony.”

“. . . The prototypical Western social organization of harmony and mutual individualism is inherently unstable. . . .”

p. 321: “. . . It is the descendants of the WASPS who settled the West and the South. . . . Today they have the least, socioeconomically, to show for these contributions.”

pp. 325-26: “. . . As other groups became increasingly powerful . . . the European-derived peoples . . . will become increasingly unified. . . . Eventually these groups will develop a united front and a collectivist political orientation. . . .”

p. 328: “. . . Jewish organizations . . . have ridiculed Christian religious beliefs . . . or have led the fight for lifting restrictions on pornography. . . . Psychoanalysis as a Jewish-dominated intellectual movement has been a central component of this war on gentile cultural supports for high-investment parenting.”

p. 329: “. . . There is considerable reason to suppose that Western tendencies toward individualism are unique and based on psychological adaptations. . . . In [A People That Shall Dwell Alone] (Ch. 8) I speculated that the progenitors of Western populations evolved in isolated groups with low population density.”

pp. 329-30: “Such groups would have been common in areas characterized by harsh ecological conditions, such as those that occurred during the ice age. . . . Under ecologically adverse circumstances, adaptations are directed more at coping with the environment than at competing with other groups. . . .”

“Another critical component of the evolutionary basis of individualism is the elaboration of the human affectional system as an individualistic pair-bonding system, the system that seemed so strange that it was theorized to be a thin veneer overlapping a deep psychopathology to a generation of Jewish intellectuals emerging from the ghetto. . . .”

Preface to the First Paperback Edition

p. ix: “[Stephen Steinlight, a Senior Fellow with the American Jewish Committee] believes that present immigration policy no longer serves Jewish interests because the new immigrants are less likely to be sympathetic to Israel and because they are more likely to view Jews as the wealthiest and most powerful group in the U.S. – and thus a potential enemy – rather than as victims of the Holocaust. He is particularly worried about the consequences of Islamic fundamentalism among Muslim immigrants, especially for Israel, and he condemns the ‘savage hatred for America and American values’ among the fundamentalists.”

The Decline of Ethnic Consciousness among European-Derived People in the United States

p. xi: “Fundamental to the transformation of the United States as a result of massive non-European immigration was the decline of ethnic consciousness among European peoples. It is fascinating to contrast the immigration debates of the 1920s with those of the 1950s and 1960s.”

p. xiii: “[Charles] Lindbergh’s famous speech of September 11, 1941 stated that the Jews were one of the principal forces attempting to lead the U.S. into war, along with the Russian administration and the British.”

p. xx: “. . . Jewish intellectuals led the battle against the idea that there are differences in intelligence or cultural levels between the races that are rooted in biology.”

The Evolutionary Origins of Jewish Collectivism and Ethnocentrism

p. xxxiii: “[There is] a long mainstream Jewish tradition which considers Jews and non-Jews as completely different species. . . .”

p. xxxv: “[A] pervasive double standard was noticed by writer Vincent Sheen in his observations of Zionists in Palestine in 1930: ‘how idealism goes hand in hand with the most terrific cynicism; . . . how they are Fascists with their own affairs, with regard to Palestine, and internationalists in everything else.’”

Jewish Involvement in Communism and the Radical Left

p. xli: “During the period when the famine claimed a total of 6 million lives throughout [the Ukraine], the [Soviet] government exported eighteen million hundredweight of grain to obtain money for industrialization.” (On page xxxvii, MacDonald mentions Courtois et al. 1999, The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression.)

p. xliii: “. . . Jews . . . dominated the Bolshevik governments of the Soviet Union and Hungary and . . . Jews in other countries were sympathetic to Bolshevism.”

p. xliv: “The 20th century in Europe and the Western world . . . was a Jewish century. . . .”

p. xlvi: “Jewish involvement in the horrors of Communism was . . . an important ingredient in Hitler’s desire to destroy the USSR and in the anti-Jewish actions of the German National Socialist government.”

p. xlvii: “Peter Novick’s The Holocaust in American Life . . . notes that the Holocaust has assumed a preeminent status as a symbol of ethnic conflict. He argues that the importance of the Holocaust is not a spontaneous phenomenon but stems from highly focused, well-funded efforts of Jewish organizations and individual Jews with access to the major media. . . ."

From the Culture of Critique to the Culture of the Holocaust

p. l: “Indeed, it is not too far fetched today to suppose that German culture as the culture of Germans has disappeared entirely, replaced by the culture of the Holocaust.”

p. li: “[N. G.] Finkelstein [in The Holocaust Industry] argues that embracing the Holocaust allows the wealthiest and most powerful group in the U.S. to claim victim status.”

Jews and the Media: Shaping “Ways of Seeing”

p. lxii: “. . . In a column in Newsweek International (April 3, 2002) . . . Michael Lind [said:] ‘While it is rarely noted in the American media, Israel has now occupied Palestinian lands for 35 years, denying 3 million people rights, and ruling over them with brutality.’”

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